This document provides bylaws for a nonprofit corporation. The bylaws set forth the
selection and responsibilities of the members and officers. The bylaws also set forth the
mechanisms for how the nonprofit will be run, such as the specifics of the annual
meeting of the members. This document contains both standard clauses as well as
opportunities for customization to ensure that the understandings of the parties are
properly set forth.
(Name of Corporation)
A (Name of State) Nonprofit Corporation
ARTICLE I. OFFICES
SECTION 1. Principal Office. The principal office of the corporation in the State of
(Name) shall be located in the City of (Name), County of (Name). The corporation may have
such other offices, either within or without the State of (Name), as the board of directors may
designate or as the business of the corporation may require from time to time.
SECTION 2. Registered Office. The corporation shall continuously maintain in the State
of (Name) a registered office that may be the same as its principal office, and a registered agent
as required by the (Name) Nonprofit Corporation Act. The address of the registered office may
be changed from time to time by the board of directors.
ARTICLE II. MEMBERS
SECTION 1. Election of Members. The corporation may admit any individual or legal
entity as a member. An affirmative vote of a majority of the directors shall be required for
admission. Other requirements for admission may be set forth in a resolution adopted by the
directors. No person shall be admitted as a member without his or her consent. Except as
provided in the articles of incorporation or by-laws, the corporation may admit members for no
consideration or for such consideration as is determined by the board of directors.
SECTION 2. Rights and Obligations of Members. Unless the articles of incorporation
or by-laws provide otherwise, each member is entitled to one vote on each matter voted on by
the members. All members shall have the same rights and obligations with respect to voting,
dissolution, redemption and transfer, unless the articles of incorporation or these by-laws
establish classes of membership with different rights or obligations. All members shall have the
same rights and obligations with respect to any other matters, except as set forth and
authorized by the articles of incorporation or these by-laws.
SECTION 3. Transfer of Membership. Except as set forth or authorized by the articles
of incorporation or these by-laws, no member of the corporation may transfer a membership or
any right arising therefrom. Where transfer rights have been provided, no restriction on them
shall be binding with respect to a member holding a membership issued prior to the adoption of
the restriction unless the restriction is approved by the members and the affected member.
SECTION 4. Dues, Assessments or Fees. A member may become liable to the
corporation for dues, assessments or fees; provided, however, that an article or by-law provision
or a resolution adopted by the board authorized or imposing dues, assessments or fees does
not, of itself, create liability.
SECTION 5. Resignation of Member. A member may resign at any time by filing a
written resignation with any corporate officer. The resignation of a member does not relieve the
member from any obligations the member may have to the corporation.
SECTION 6. Termination of Membership. No member may be expelled or suspended,
and no membership or memberships may be terminated or suspended except pursuant to the
procedure provided herein carried out in good faith. The affected member must receive not less
than 15 days' prior written notice of the expulsion, suspension or termination and the reasons
therefore and an opportunity to be heard, orally or in writing, not less than five days before the
effective date of the expulsion, suspension or termination by the board or a person or persons
authorized by the board to decide that the proposed expulsion, termination or suspension not
take place. Any written notice given by mail must be given by first-class or certified mail sent to
the last address of the member shown on the corporation's records. Any proceeding
challenging an expulsion, suspension or termination, including a proceeding in which defective
notice is alleged, must be commenced within one year after the effective date of the expulsion,
suspension or termination. A member who has been expelled or suspended may be liable to
the corporation for dues, assessments or fees.
SECTION 7. Repurchase of Memberships. The corporation may purchase the
membership of a member who resigns or whose membership is terminated for the amount and
pursuant to the conditions authorized by the board of directors. No payment shall be made in
violation of applicable law.
ARTICLE III. MEETINGS OF MEMBERS
SECTION 1. Annual Meeting. The annual meeting of the members shall be held on the
first Monday in the month of February, in each year, beginning with the year 20___, at the hour
of 6:00 p.m., or such other time and date as may be determined by the directors, for the
purpose of electing directors and for the transaction of such other business as may properly
come before the meeting. At the annual meeting, the president and chief financial officer shall
report on the activities and financial condition of the corporation and the members shall consider
and act upon such other matters as may be raised consistent with these by-laws. If the day
fixed for the annual meeting shall be a legal holiday in the State of (Name), such meeting shall
be held on the next succeeding business day.
If the election of directors shall not be held on the day designated herein for any annual
meeting of the members, or at any adjournment thereof, the board of directors shall cause the
election to be held at a special meeting of the members as soon thereafter as conveniently may
be. The failure to hold an annual meeting at the time stated in or fixed in accordance with the
corporation's by-laws does not affect the validity of any corporate action.
SECTION 2. Special Meetings. The corporation shall hold a special meeting of
members (1) on call of its board of directors, (2) the president, or (3) if the holders of at least five
percent of the voting power sign, date and deliver to any corporate officer one or more written
demands for the meeting describing the purpose or purposes for which it is to be held. The
close of business on the 30th day before delivery of the demand for a special meeting to any
corporate officer is the record date for the purpose of determining whether the five percent
requirement of this section has been met. If notice for a special meeting demanded under this
section is not given pursuant to these by-laws within 30 days after the date the written demand
or demands are delivered to a corporate officer, regardless of any other requirements of Article
III, Section 3, of these by-laws, a person signing the demand or demands may set the time and
place of the meeting and give notice pursuant to Article III, Section 4.
SECTION 3. Place of Meeting. The board of directors may designate any place, either
in or out of the State of (Name), for any annual meeting or for any special meeting of members.
A valid waiver of notice signed by all members entitled to notice may designate any place, either
in or out of the State of (Name), as the place for any annual meeting or for any special meeting
of members. Unless the notice of the meeting states otherwise, members' meetings shall be
held at the corporation's principal office.
SECTION 4. Notice of Meeting. The corporation shall notify its members of the place,
date and time of each annual and special meeting of members no fewer than 10 (or if notice is
mailed by other than first-class or registered mail, 30) nor more than 60days before the meeting
date. Unless applicable law or the articles of incorporation require otherwise, the corporation
shall give notice only to members entitled to vote at the meeting.
Notice of an annual meeting must include a description of the matter or matters which
must be approved by the members if such notice is required by applicable law. Notice of a
special meeting must include a description of the matter or matters for which the meeting is
called. Only those matters that are within the purpose or purposes described in the meeting
notice may be conducted at a special meeting of members.
Unless these by-laws require otherwise, if an annual or special meeting of members is
adjourned to a different date, time or place, notice need not be given of the new date, time or
place if the new date, time or place is announced at the meeting before adjournment. If a new
record date for the adjourned meeting is or must be fixed under applicable law or Article III,
Section 5, of these by-laws, however, notice of the adjourned meeting must be given under this
section to the members of record as of the new record date.
When giving notice of an annual or special meeting of members, the corporation shall
give notice of a matter a member intends to raise at the meeting if: (1) requested in writing to do
so by a person entitled to call a special meeting; and (2) the request is received by the secretary
or president of the corporation at least 10 days before the corporation gives notice of the
SECTION 5. Closing of Transfer Books or Fixing of Record Date. The board of
directors of the corporation may fix a date as the record date for determining the members
entitled to notice of a members' meeting, to vote at a members' meeting, or to exercise any
rights in respect of any other lawful action. A record date may not be more than 70 days before
the meeting or action requiring a determination of members occurs. If no such record date is
fixed, members at the close of business on the business day preceding the day on which the
meeting is held, are entitled to notice of the meeting; members on the date of the meeting who
are otherwise eligible to vote are entitled to vote at the meeting; and members at the close of
business on the day on which the board adopts the resolution to the exercise of any rights in
respect of any other lawful action, or the 60th day prior to the date of such other action,
whichever is later, are entitled to exercise such rights. A determination of members entitled to
notice of or to vote at a membership meeting is effective for any adjournment of the meeting
unless the board of directors fixes a new date for determining the right to notice or the right to
vote, which it must do if the meeting is adjourned to a date more than 70 days after the record
date for determining members entitled to notice of the original meeting.
SECTION 6. Voting Lists. After fixing a record date for a notice of a meeting, the
corporation shall prepare an alphabetical list of the names of all its members who are entitled to
notice of the meeting. The list must show the address and number of votes each member is
entitled to vote at the meeting.
The list of members must be available for inspection by any member for the purpose of
communication with other members concerning the meeting, beginning two business days after
notice is given of the meeting for which the list was prepared and continuing through the
meeting, at the corporation's principal office or at a reasonable place identified in the meeting
notice in the c